Why is gold no longer used as money?

Gold would not become the monetary standard. It would continue to have a price similar to the dollar in the global gold market, but it would not have a single price specified by Congress. No government department or agency would own the gold. Federal Reserve notes as currency and Federal Reserve Bank reserve deposit accounts for commercial banks would remain the only legal tender (despite the Constitution) and would be available as they are now for those who want conventional fiat notes.

Gold would simply be an alternative currency for people who choose to use it for transactions and contracts. A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard unit of economic account is based on a fixed amount of gold. The gold standard was the basis of the international monetary system from the 1870s to the early 1920s and from the late 1920s to 1932, as well as from 1944 to 1971, when the United States unilaterally ended the convertibility of the U.S. dollar into gold, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system.

However, many states have significant gold reserves. The experts of the time were wrong about the gold standard. Most economists now agree on 90% of the reasons why the U.S. UU.

Coming out of the Great Depression was the break with gold, says Ahamed. Abandoning the gold standard gave the government new tools to manage the economy. If you're not tied to gold, you can adjust the amount of money in the economy if you need to. Almost all economists agree that the system we have today is better than the gold standard.

Commercial banks converted Federal Reserve notes into gold in 1931, reducing their gold reserves and forcing a reduction in the amount of currency in circulation. The laws that authorized the three main fiat currencies changed the nature of the gold standard, which went from being a widely dispersed gold standard, maintained in operation by thousands of local banks, to a “collectivist” gold standard operating from Washington and New York. The only way to ensure that gold becomes viable money is to first separate gold from the state and the state from any other function in the operation of gold money. From the more widespread acceptance of paper money in the 19th century, the gold ingot standard emerged, a system in which gold coins do not circulate, but authorities, such as central banks, agree to exchange the circulating currency for gold ingots at a fixed price.

Then, on June 5, three weeks later, Congress passed the Act repealing the Gold Clause, which repudiated all the gold clauses of all public and private contracts, including bonds issued by the government itself to help finance the First World War. In the last years of the dollar period (1862-1887), gold production increased, while gold exports declined. To use gold as a standard, a country has to set the value of gold high enough that people (or countries) are willing to keep their currency instead of gold. The Bank of England succeeded in ending the gold standard by appealing to patriotism, urging citizens not to exchange banknotes for species of gold.

To obtain gold bars from the Treasury, a wholesaler would have to collect enough gold certificates to make their effort worthwhile. In the previous period, the Treasury was forced to exchange its banknotes for gold and, in doing so, lost more than 50 percent of its gold reserves. It was unique among countries to use gold together with trimmed and underweighted silver shillings, something that was only addressed before the end of the 18th century with the acceptance of substitutes for gold, such as symbolic silver coins and banknotes. The classic international gold standard began in 1873, after the German Empire decided to move from the silver taler of North Germany and the gulden of southern Germany to the German gold frame, reflecting the sentiment of the monetary conferences of the 1860s and using the 5 billion gold francs (worth 4,050 million marks or 1451 metric tons) as compensation required of France at the end of The Franco-Prussian War.

However, the currency ratio (the fixed exchange rate between gold and silver at the mint) continued to overvalue gold. For example, Great Britain and the Scandinavian countries, which abandoned the gold standard in 1931, recovered much sooner than France and Belgium, which held on to gold for much longer. France's measures to maintain the French franc at 4.5 g of fine silver or 0.29032 g of fine gold stabilized the relations between world gold and silver prices close to the French ratio of 15.5 in the first three quarters of the 19th century, offering to mint the cheapest metal in unlimited quantities: 20 franc gold coins whenever the ratio is lower than 15.5 and 5 franc silver coins when the Ratio exceeds 15.5.Gold reserve banks would settle gold balances against each other based on their daily or weekly debits and credits. .


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